Sherlock's Deductions

After a night turn has ended and before the morning turn of the next day begins, Sherlock will share his findings for the previous day.

Sherlock is able to reveal whether or not the target is within 3 areas of the villain at that current moment in time.

Let's take a look at what exactly these deductions tell us.
Take a look at Agatha, knowing that there is not a villain within 3 areas of the target.

Since Berkeley and Catherine are within 3 areas of Agatha, we know they cannot be targeting her as the villain.
However Dorothy, Ellery and Freeman are more than 3 areas away meaning any one of them could still be out to get her.

This same inference can be made with all 6 Pawns.

With this Pawn placement, knowing the villain is not within 3 areas of the target gives us these kind of results.

Tutorial example using this chain of reasoning

We can discern a lot of information when Sherlock's deductions tell us that a certain Pawn is neither the villain or target.
Let's look at a simple case from the tutorial.
Agatha, Berkeley, and Catherine are lined up 1 area apart from one another.

Based on Agatha, Berkeley, and Catherine's positions, the target is not within 3 areas of the villain.

From Berkeley's point of view, Catherine must be the villain, and Agatha is undoubtedly not the villain.

From Catherine's point of view, Berkeley must be the villain, and Agatha is undoubtedly not the villain.

From Agatha's perspective, neither Berkeley nor Catherine can be the villain.
According to both Berkeley and Catherine, Agatha is not the villain, which confirms without a doubt that Agatha is not the villain.

And since there are no other pawns targeting Agatha, this confirms that Agatha cannot be the target either.

In conclusion, we can be sure that Agatha is neither the villain nor the target.

Which leaves Berkeley and Catherine both potentially the villain or target. However, which is which is still unclear...